Author: Admin

Reasons why your camera takes pictures by itself and how to safeguard your privacy


Hypothetical Scenario

Take a scenario your smartphone takes a picture of you when you thought the camera was off, and forwarded the images to some unauthorised entities. Now take the scenario on surveillance, laptop webcams and monitoring devices such as baby monitors.

Its evident that with the expansion of Internet of thing what is known as private data will soon diminish and its not cynical to state “We are being watched.”

More case scenarios:

Case example 1:

In 2016, former FBI director James Comey gave a speech at Kenyon College in which he admitted to covering his web cameras with tape. So, if a former director of the FBI is taping over cameras on his devices, we should probably all be digging in our desk drawers for scotch tape and Post-It notes, right? NPR reported that Comey’s comments came from, “the context of a larger comment about the need for the public to keep an eye on how government uses its surveillance powers.” It’s not unreasonable to have anxiety over the probability of your camera being hacked.

Case example 2:

The Washington Post reported that, “The FBI has been able to covertly activate a computer’s camera — without triggering the light that lets users know it is recording — for several years, and has used that technique mainly in terrorism cases or the most serious criminal investigations.” So, you’re not wrong: The technology exists for your webcam to be activated without your knowledge. However, if your only crime is crying over Harry Styles for the millionth time in one week, it’s more likely that an FBI Agent has bigger mysteries to solve than your totally understandable emotional attachment to a pop star

Sound like science-fiction horror? NO.

It is actually possible today via cleverly-crafted malware.

One experimental piece of such malware, that has been known to exist for several months, was designed by researchers to test the feasibility of mapping the inside of buildings via photos, a process that could simplify attacking or burglarizing a facility.

But, what if similar malware were designed – using widely-available technology – to repetitively take pictures or video and to transmit those in which a large percentage of pixels were flesh-tone?

Considering the percentage of phone users who bring their phones into bedrooms, bathrooms, and other areas in which they usually do not want to be photographed, such malware could put nearly the entire adult population of the Western World at risk of serious embarrassment.

Even without the flesh-tone analysis capability, smartphone malware that shares surreptitiously taken photographs clearly poses severe privacy risks.

It would be nice if security-conscious folks who run malware scanners on their mobile devices did not need to worry. But, like any security technology, mobile malware scanners are not impervious to failure.

In fact, mobile devices running such software may remain more susceptible to breaches than their laptop counterparts because mobile security technology is far less mature and robust than PC security technology, and because typical mobile-device architecture – in which devices use the same port (e.g., micro-USB, Apple dock connector, etc.) for charging and for communications –  creates a risk of malware spreading whenever someone borrows a charger.

Furthermore, people who allow auto-updates from only major software providers on their laptops often allow app auto-updates from even unknown, overseas providers on their mobile devices; if a provider is compromised, malware disguised as a feature within a new release can potentially propagate to many users. Also, from a practical standpoint, desktop and laptop cameras are far less likely to be in positions to accidentally capture sensitive activities than smartphone cameras, and often have lights that illuminate whenever the camera is active – so anyone in sight knows that they are being recorded.


So, practically speaking, what should you do to prevent a major problem?

Clearly, it is best to run, but not to rely on, mobile security software. But, on top of that, I suggest adding an astoundingly low-tech security countermeasure: Keep the phone out of sensitive areas, and if you must bring it in, block the camera’s view when it is not in use. For online privacy matters, its always better to consult a cyber security expert.

The Current state of Cyber Security in Kenya.

The current state on Kenya in readiness to cyber security poses room for improvement, incidence response management and the ability to proactively, ensure business continuity after an attack. Data has been the one of the new organizations most valued assets and its loss may result to customer in-satisfaction and organizations such as the East Africa Recovery experts in Kenya has assured the ability to recover from such experiences. Organizations are incessantly gathering information and data across every element of their business transactions and its reliance is exponentially growing.

Cyber security has been a global issue and Kenya is not an exception. What drives to the conclusion of the weakest areas in cyber security is as a result, of the most affected areas by cybercrime activities. Hence, becoming an easy target. An easy target could be due to known vulnerabilities that are unpatched to the target organization leading to their exploitation and eventually resulting to an attack.

Technological users occupy majority of the Kenyan Cyber security threat stage. This is lack of awareness among technology users, concerning secure information handling and best practices. Many of these users mostly customers and employees have insufficient knowledge on the level of risk they are exposing themselves and their organizations to, while interacting with this technologies.
Kenya lost approximately Sh21.2 billion to cybersecurity in 2017, second only to Nigeria which lost Sh65.5 billion. This is according to the Cyber Security Report by Serianu that highlights the following:

  • Numerous attacks on mobile money through social engineering, use of malware and account personifications.
  • The largest contributor of direct losses in cybercrime in Kenya is insider threat.
  • E-Commerce Platforms hit with more Online Scams, ATM Card Skimming and Identity Theft.
  • Low levels of security awareness.
  • Malware targeting critical mobile and internet banking infrastructure are on the rise.
  • Insider threat is still the largest contributor of direct losses in cybercrime.
  • Technical training of employees is insufficient.
  • Lack of practical regulatory guidance from industry regulators and government.
  • Only 3% of reported cybercrimes are successfully prosecuted

This has called for both the private and government sector in filling the cyber security gap. This has however lead to a global collaboration with the local Kenyan firms in capping the menace. Among this are the Microsoft. Microsoft estimates that cybercrime-related losses will cost the global economy over Sh600 trillion up from Sh300 trillion reported in 2016. Which has risen to 860$ trillion globally due online illegal markets in accordance to a survey done by Dr. Michael McGuire, Senior Lecturer in Criminology at Surrey University.

Kenya has however passed a bill in Computer and Cyber Crime into law known as the computer and cybercrime law. This law recently has been very effective in prosecution of fake news. This fake news are mainly spread through social media and local media firms through online publishing. This however has been hurdled by various challenges including its implementation during court trials but this is a big step in achieving a safer cyber space in Kenya.

The future of cyber security in Kenya shall characterize a representation of immense growth and collaboration between local and international firms. The integration of local cybersecurity firms acting in collaboration with the government. This also includes organizations taking to their agenda the need to secure their digital and information infrastructures, the need to educate their employees on secure computer/technological usage. However, in order to curb the cybersecurity skills gap in the country, higher learning institutions should have hands on training of their students on matters concerning the cyber security field and resolving issues on programs that suffer from take back curriculum to more programs that are specialized/current. This is possible by partnership with local cyber security firms such as the East Africa Recovery Experts.

Basic hard drive check for data recovery professionals

The next steps can save beginner users from making mistakes when working on user drives.

1. Hold that drive with your hand and carefully shake it from side to side, and then listen if there are any moving parts bouncing inside. Powering the drive in this situation is dangerous, since it may lead to platter scratch. In the case where you can hear sound of bouncing parts inside the drive it is better to estimate your skills and ask permission from drive owner for opening the drive’s LID and checking hard drive internal parts.
2. When no suspicious sounds were discovered while shaking the drive, it worth to check its logic board. Its always a good idea to take off the board and see what happened to its pads on the other side, since they damage very often. Clean the contacts with rubber eraser or a spirit and put the board back. Also check the elements on that board. Maybe you can discover a broken fuze unit or any removed or resoldered elements on that board. That is very important for new drives, which have adaptive data in the ROM.
3. Carefully check the top label and see if it is torn off above the screws on the top lid. That could be somebody else having worked on this drive before you.
The above three steps will determine the chances of success on any physically damaged hard drive. In case all goes wrong, you can contact data recovery experts.

How to recover quickbooks data from hard drive


One of the most heartbreaking things to happen to a company is the loss of their QuickBooks data. This only happens when there was no backup of the file created, which is probably the fault of the one working on it, as the file should be backed up frequently. However, recovering data from a damaged QuickBooks company file is possible but you’ll have to wait several days without QuickBooks for the data recovery experts to work on your file.  There’s also a way of recovering the data using a feature introduced in QuickBooks as from 2012 and later versions which allows you to recover the data on your own. It’s called auto data recovery and can provide you with nearly all your data right away. This should be the last resort after all other solutions have been exhausted.

There are two ways of ADR is used to recover lost data:

  • Recreate lost transactions using your current Transaction Log file and a copy of your Company file.
  • Recreate all but the last few hours of transactions with a copy of both your Company file and your Transaction Log file.


  1. Use the current .TLG and .QBW.adr files
  • Create a new folder on your Desktop named QBTest.
  • Open the folder where the company file is saved.
  • Quick tip: You can check the location of the company file on the Product Information screen and No Company Open Window.
  • Copy the corresponding .tlg file of your company file and paste it to the QBTest folder on your Desktop.
  • Open the QuickBooksAutoDataRecovery folder
  • Quick tip: It is is in the same location as your company file.
  • Copy the .QBW.adr file and paste it to the QBTest Folder. You should now have a .QBW.adr and .tlg file on your QBTest folder.
  • In your QBTest folder, right-click the .QBW.adr file and select Rename.
  • Delete .adr from the end of the file.
  • Open QuickBooks.
  • Open the company file that is saved on your QBTest folder. use your account register to verify all transactions are there.
  • Run verify utility to ensure the integrity of this company file.
  • If this copy of the company file is good, you can move the damaged company file to a different location and transfer the copy from QBTest to the original location.
  1. Use .QBW.adr and .TLG.adr files
  • Create a new folder on your Desktop named QBTest.
  • Open the folder where the company file is saved look for QuickBooksAutoDataRecovery folder
  • Quick tip: You can check the location of the company file on the Product Information screen and No Company Open Window.
  • Copy the .TLG.adr and .QBW.adr files and paste them to the QBTest folder
  • On your QBTest folder, remove the .adr from the end of the file name. That should give you a .qbw and .tlg files on your QBTest folder.
  • Open QuickBooks.
  • Open the company file that is saved on your QBTest folder. use your account register to verify all transactions are there.
  • Run verify utility to ensure the integrity of this company file.
  • If this copy of the company file is good, you can move the damaged company file to a different location and transfer the copy from QBTest to the original location.

Points to Note:

  • ADR is is only available in QuickBooks Pro, Premier, and Enterprise Solutions for Windows.
  • This feature is not available in Accountant Editions
  • The ADR file size limitation is 1.5 Gigabytes. If your backup is bigger than 1.5 Gigabytes, an ADR will not be created.
  • To maximize this feature, make sure that your QuickBooks Desktop always has the latest updates.

If all this doesn’t work for you, contact the data recovery experts for professional advice and quick diagnosis on your file.

With that said, the best way to avoid such a situation is to always create a backup of the company file regularly, preferably after every transaction is recorded.  This avoids any loss of data through damage to the file which can occur at any time, so it’s advisable to stay safe as you never know when disaster may strike.


By definition, cloud backup computing solutions involve the practice and application of computer expertise in connecting personal computers to network servers by the use internet capability to secure data. It can be a primary or a secondary measure. The clouds have the capacity to process, manage and store data that can be easily retrieved by following the necessary authentication protocols. The technology not only encourages sharing data but it also has allowed computers units to share processing resources an essential factor in growing businesses.
Cloud computing has increased the probability of businesses to expand without the need for committing funds to secure the additional infrastructure. It as well has significantly reduced the maintenance cost associated with such facilities in organizations. In cloud computing, a venture will benefit from the availability of lower cost services in terms of storage. The business will significantly reduce the cost of storage as they will only have to meet data storage costs in the cloud system (Galonis, 2011). In this reasoning, the venture only meets the cost of acquiring the spaces in the servers where they can store the data. Overall the venture substitutes capital expenditure formerly associated by having physical storage capabilities with operational expenses as the cloud acts as the primary storage medium. After the expiry of the time subscribed, clouding technology offers room for renewal of unused space (Shaw, 2015). Most clouding computing service providers allow their customers to renew on unused licenses. Therefore the cost of maintaining cloud services can be sustained within the budget allocations of the venture as every coin spent is fitly allocated.
Cloud backup solutions favor undertakings of the business in that the services offer a pricing criterion referred to as pay-as-you-go. Therefore, a business can tap into this feature and therefore make a sizeable income from the users of the information and data sets owned by the establishment. The venture benefits from on-demand services whereby they do not have to man their services to cater for varying needs of the customers and the staff as automatic access has been made a reality (Galonis, 2011). Therefore with the right access credentials, information regarding the company can be accessed from any point on the globe (Shaw, 2015). The automation thus offers flexibility as the world of Information Technology (IT) continues to evolve.
Clouding computing as well has higher bandwidth capabilities hence it is dynamic in terms of scalability. It can allow traffic spikes; therefore, it can control the resources and the access time different computers have on a certain price of data (Shaw, 2015). Therefore multiple individuals can access the information from different locations without inconveniencing one another as there are automated modulators of the information, the speed and time that such digital data can be accessed. With the evolution of traffic spikes, ventures witnessed a reduction in the time taken for implementation of new services to be successful (Shaw, 2015). Therefore it has created room for innovations and allowed pursuit of channels through which such information penetrates the market and best benefits all stakeholders.
Inventions of cloud computing solutions have enabled businesses to reduce the risk of loss of data. It has increased the organization of firms as they can concentrate on their core activities without such worries (Sosinsky, 2011). Therefore it has contributed to increased specialization and safety of data. Most providers of cloud computing solutions have vast resources and high-security measure. Therefore they assure the ventures who have subscribed to their services of data safety from pilferage and physical destruction. As such venture can focus on their core specialty and thus increase the profits that they make in their line of business. It is an assurance of confidentiality whereby barriers to data theft are installed for the safety of the company (Shaw, 2015). The data stored in cloud computers requires powerful authentication measures to be accessed. It is layered in terms of sensitivity; therefore, one would be required to have the necessary clearance level to access a certain limit of data and information.
Cloud computing technologies are improved on a daily basis to counter any bugs and malicious manipulation techniques that are invented by the hackers. Companies can create additional layers of protection to supplement what the service provider could be offering (Sosinsky, 2011). The ventures, therefore, have the capability to offer the first line of defense against their data hence protecting the interest of the companies. The companies are responsible for the data at their headquarters, and therefore they can exercise control on the limit everyone has to the data housed by the establishments (Shaw, 2015). The particulate company can control authorization since they have limited the audience who access their information. The cloud computing venture can as well comply with the regulations of the land they are operating without compromising the safety of other data in their network (Sosinsky, 2011). The feature thus creates a safe business environment as the government can monitor suspicious activities on the clouds on behalf of all stakeholders a further cost saving feature.
Cloud computing has eliminated the need for redundancy and need to create other data storage solutions. In prior times, businesses invested handsome capital in the acquisition of top software developers and application testers targeting making a breakthrough in data storage solutions ahead of the competition. The advent of could backup solutions gave establishments the ability to apply practical solutions to the dilemma faced in the last century (Sosinsky, 2011). The approach has added advantages to the way business gets conducted as it increased the agility of business and also reduced the delays that formally were caused by competitions for resources by in-house computers using the physical servers at the establishments (Shaw, 2015). Cloud computing brought about automated control and also the optimization of the available resources. The solutions were arrived at after metering capabilities were perfected therefore resources are allocated according to the type of service that the personal computers are accessing from the cloud.
Cloud computing is an energy efficient engagement for any business. The amount of energy used in accessing, transferring and uploading data to the cloud computers is enormously conserved in affiliated business ventures. The technology allows the energy used to be transferred to the service provider thus saving monetary amounts used by individuals ventures (Shaw, 2015). Cloud service providers could be located in different regions, and therefore a business owner could choose the one that favors them the most concerning usage of the least amount of energy. With such capabilities venture have been given the ability to concentrate on their core business as IT operational activities are handled meticulously by the providers of the cloud backup solutions (Galonis, 2011). Therefore venture can be innovative in their line of business and channel the saved resources to further research into the market. Therefore companies can come up with customized solutions to their problems in a more timely manner thus facilitating rapid growth and development.
Cloud computing has enabled businesses to realize their full potential faster. Outsourcing of the IT operations and allowing a third party to manage has proved efficient in modern times. The workers affiliated to the venture can focus on the processes that are core to profit maximization of the particulate venture. It, therefore, fosters increased productivity and creates room for innovative creations. Cloud providers are rendered more efficient in comparison to in-house IT specialists (Galonis, 2011). They can carry out tasks in a smarter, cheaper and faster manner thus creating an advantage for the business in terms of its competitiveness in the market. It, therefore, has re-introduced a balance into the market offering competitive advantages to smaller firms (Sosinsky, 2011). Small ventures can benefit from reduced operations costs. There are also reduced overheads when such businesses are planning to accommodate expansions in their line of operation.
Cloud backup computing has created opportunities for growth for small businesses. The IT companies providing them have created an array of solutions that have favored the way business is carried out in the 21st century. Cloud service providers have been in the front line for offering solutions to large businesses. The providers of cloud backup solutions have helped tame overhead costs thus helping save a large pool of resources for specialization, innovation, and improvement of overall functionality of the business.

Recover lost or deleted files


There are times you may search for a file/folder on your windows computer and can’t seem to find it, probably because you may have accidentally deleted it. There are several ways you can restore those files, either from previous versions, also known as shadow copies or from a windows backup.

  1. Restoring files from a backup

To restore a file from a backup, make sure the media or drive that your backup is saved on is available, and then follow these steps:

  • Open Backup and Restore by clicking the Start button, click Control Panel, click System and Maintenance, and then click Backup and Restore.
  • Click Restore my files, and then follow the steps in the wizard.


  1. Restoring files from previous versions

You can restore deleted files and folders or restore a file or folder to a previous state by following these steps:

  • Open Computer by clicking the Start button and then clicking Computer.
  • Navigate to the folder that used to contain the file or folder, right-click it, and then click Restore previous versions. If the folder was at the top level of a drive, for example C:\, right-click the drive, and then click Restore previous versions.


You’ll see a list of available previous versions of the file or folder. The list will include files saved on a backup (if you are using Windows Backup to back up your files) as well as restore points, if both types are available.

  • Double-click a previous version of the folder that contains the file or folder you want to restore. (For example, if a file was deleted today, choose a version of the folder from yesterday, which should contain the file.)
  • Drag the file or folder that you want to restore to another location, such as your desktop or another folder.


The version of the file or folder is saved to the location that you selected.


If you can’t remember the exact name of the file /folder or the location it was saved on, you can search part of the document in the search box.

Before restoring a previous version of a file or folder, select the previous version, and then click Open to view it to make sure it’s the version you want.

N/B:  The file or folder replaces the current version on your computer, and the replacement can’t be undone. If the restore button is unavailable this means you can’t restore the file/folder to its original location. You can try opening it and save it to a different location.

Getting the Best Data Recovery

Since the computer software can be used with many devices, you don’t need to buy computer software for each of your devices and because of this you save plenty of money. Data recovery software is vital for both property and business users. In this case, it is one of the tangible ways of recovering data.

Well, the very best thing about absolutely free data recovery software is the fact that it’s totally free. Cheap data recovery software is not hard to use. The other approach to attain the exact issue is to use external data recovery computer software.

To get the optimum results, it’s important to pick out a hard drive data recovery tool wisely. With major difficulties, or a massive scale data loss, you’re going to need a much powerful data recovery tool. Today, there are quite a bit of information recovery tools offered at

Top Data Recovery Secrets

Disaster recovery needs to be planned much ahead of time. When the recovery is completed, some centers also give post-recovery customer services. Data recovery may be a simple task when you have access to the correct tools and techniques.

Data recovery, generally, may be a costly procedure. Simply put, it is expensive because it is a complicated process and not many companies are specialized in this field. In such an instance you should utilize desktop data recovery.

Data recovery might help retrieve lost files. Recovery of information is a significant part of disaster planning. Data recovery via normal means stops at this point. There’s absolutely no manner past and specialist recovery techniques and technology have to be employed to access this lost data.

Facts, Fiction and Data Recovery

If you take advantage of a data recovery program to attempt to recover your data, then you might have to try several data recovery program. Various data recovery programs may supply you with various outcomes.

You don’t wish to install and attempt to use a data recovery program that was made to be used by means of a technology expert. Locating a user-friendly data recovery program will be the best approach. Ideally, you are likely to want a data recovery program prepared to go whenever your hard disk gets damaged or corrupted.

The Ultimate Strategy to Data Recovery

A lot of people expect their file has gone forever in this kind of situation. You’re able to restore a lot of the files in this way. Besides this, you may check the file which you want to save using the file filtering system which permits you to choose the type of data which you want to transfer.

As soon as you eliminate the data, use our data recovery services immediately to recover them. Individuals should make sure that each of the data they’re collecting ought to be kept safe beforehand only. It will be more irritating when you want the data at once. Fortunately, there are ways that you are able to recover lost data. Don’t forget, it is about recovering lost data and thus you should conduct just a little bit of research here.

Recovering data is not too difficult as soon as you know some basic instruments and methods. All you have to do is search for one which is user-friendly and one which is effective in recovering lost data. Now, choose the hard disk, either logical or physical, which includes the lost data. The time it requires to obtain the lost data depends upon how many folders the computer software will need to go through.

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